Migraine is defined as a severe painful headache. The pain that results from a severe headache can last for several days. According to the World Health Organization, headache is one of the most common disorders of the nervous system. It says that 1 in 7 adults worldwide have migraines and it can be three times more common in women than in men.
The weekly event began in June 2012 with the aim of reducing stigma and spreading awareness about migraine disease and headache disorders. Later the National Headache Association increased Migraine and Headache Awareness Week to Migraine Headache Awareness Month. Several days in the awareness month are devoted to shedding light on specific aspects of the disease of migraine and headache. The theme of this year’s Migraine and Headache Awareness Month is ‘A New Era of Care’.
Causes, symptoms and remedies
People are asked to wear purple at work in June to support people living with migraine or to spread awareness about the disease – whether work from home or in an office. This can cause severe throbbing pain, usually on one side of the head. It is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and intermittent flashes of light, zig-zag lines, dark spots before the eyes, prickling in the skin and weakness. A migraine attack can last from several hours to several days, during which the pain becomes so severe that it becomes difficult to perform normal activities.
Migraine begins in childhood and develops in four stages. Although its causes are not fully understood, the role of genetics and environmental factors cannot be ruled out. Lifestyle has the potential to affect human health unexpectedly. An unhealthy lifestyle increases the risk of getting migraine. Similarly, making healthy lifestyle changes can help in the prevention of migraines. There are some lifestyle changes you should know.
- Try to exercise for at least 30 minutes daily.
- Avoid skipping meals and follow a healthy, balanced diet.
- Avoid getting dehydrated and drink at least three liters of water daily.
- To avoid health complications, take measures to control stress.
- Maintain regular sleep patterns for 6-8 hours for a healthy body.